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Breaking a mortgage – can you do it?

Breaking a mortgage – can you do it?

Do you have a mortgage? So do I! Looks like we have something in common. Did you
know that 6 out of 10 consumers break their mortgage 38 months into a 5-year
term? That means that 60% of consumers break a 5-year term mortgage well before
it’s due…but do you also know what the implications are of this? Let’s take a
look!

People need to break a mortgage for a variety of reasons. Some of the most
common include:

· Sale and purchase of a new home *without a portable mortgage
· To take equity out/refinance
· Relationship changes (ex. Divorce)
· Health challenges or life circumstances are altered

And a whole other variety of reasons. So what happens if you have one of the
above reasons, or one of your own occur and you have to break your mortgage?
Here is an example of what would happen:

Jane and John Smith have lived in their home for 2 years now. When they bought
the home, they recognized that it would need some major renovations down the
road, but they loved the location and the layout of the home. They purchased it
for $300,000 and have 3 years left but would like to access some of the equity
in their home and refinance the mortgage to afford some of the bigger home
renovations. This refinancing would be with 3 years left on their current
mortgage. So, what are Jane and John looking at for cost? There are two methods
that are used to calculate the penalty:

POSTED RATE METHOD (used by major banks and some credit unions)
With this method, the Bank of Canada 5 year posted rate is used to calculate
the penalty for Jane and John. Under this method, let’s assume that they were
given a 2% discount at their bank thus giving us these numbers:

Bank of Canada Posted Rate for 5-year term: 5.14%
Bank Discount given: 2% (estimated amount given*)
Contract Rate: 3.14%

Exiting at the 2-year mark leaves 3 years left. For a 3-year term, the lenders
posted rate. 3 year posted rate=3.44% less your discount of 2% gives you 1.44%
From there, the interest rate differential is calculated.

Contract Rate: 3.14%
LESS 3-year term rate MINUS discount given: 1.45%
IRD Difference = 1.7%
MULTIPLE that by 3 years (term remaining)
5.07% of your mortgage balance remaining. = 5.1%

For the Smith’s $300,000 mortgage, that gives them a penalty of $15,300. YIKES!

Now, Jane and John were smart though and used their Dominion Lending Centres
broker to get their mortgage. Because of this, a different method is used.

PUBLISHED RATE METHOD (used by broker lenders and most credit unions)

This method uses the lender published rates, which are generally much more in
tune with what you will see on lender websites (and are generally much more
reasonable). Here is the breakdown using this method:

Rate when you initially signed: 3.24%
Published Rate: 3.54%
Time left on contract: 3 years

To calculate the IRD on the remaining term left in the mortgage, the broker
would do as follows:

Rate when you initially signed: 3.24%
LESS Published Rate: 3.54%
=0.30% IRD
MULTIPLE that by 3 years (term remaining)
0.90% of your mortgage balance

That would mean that the Smith’s would have a penalty of $2,700 on their
$300,000 mortgage

A much more favourable and workable outcome! Keep in mind that with the above
example is one that works only if the borrower has:
· Good credit
· Documented income
· Normal residential type property
· Fixed rate mortgage

For Variable rates mortgages, generally the penalty will be 3 months interest
(no IRD applies).

If you find yourself in one of the scenarios that we listed at the start of this
blog, or if you just need to get out of your mortgage early, be smart like Jane
and John—review your options with a DLC Broker! In the example above, it saved
them $12,600 to work with a broker! It really does pay to have a Mortgage Broker
working for you.

Geoff Lee

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